The Kailyard school of Scottish fiction came into being at the end of the nineteenth century as a reaction against what was seen as increasingly coarse writing representing Scottish life complete with all its blemishes. It has been seen as being an overly sentimental representation of rural life, cleansed of real problems and issues that affected the people. Its name derives from the Scots "kailyaird" or "kailyard", which means a small cabbage patch usually adjacent to a cottage.
Writers of the Kailyard school included J.M. Barrie (Peter Pan), "Ian Maclaren", J.J. Bell, George MacDonald. and S. R. Crockett.
The Scottish Renaissance consciously set itself against Kailyardism.